Essay on Air pollution for students and children

Essay on Air pollution:: At this time pollution is a common word. Pollution affects living beings directly or indirectly. In this essay on air pollution, we will discuss all causes of air pollution. Air pollution is one of the big issues. It makes our environment deteriorated. Let’s know more about this topic by essay on air pollution.

Air pollution Essay

Essay on Air pollution for students and children
Essay on Air pollution for students and children

Essay On Air Pollution


Air is the basis of the life of beings. To be healthy, it is necessary to have clean environmental air. Changes in the structure of the air pose a health hazard. Air pollution has become a health problem for developing countries like India, developed countries like Japan, America, England etc. India’s Bhopal Gas Scandal (1984), Smoke (1997) generated by the fire in the forests of Malaysia and Indonesia are damaging examples of air pollution. Air pollution has an important place in the subject list of the “Earth Conference”. Air pollution is responsible for diseases of the respiratory, nervous system, heart disease, tuberculosis etc.

When natural elements become active in the destructive direction by leaving their normal activities due to the mixing of external elements with the elements of the natural environment, this action is called “pollution”. In the context of this definition, air pollution is a condition in which the internal structure of air is affected due to dust, smoke, toxic gas, chemical vapour, scientific experiments, etc., that is, when there is an excess of heterogeneous substances, for air, man and his environment If it is harmful, then this condition is called air pollution.

Meaning of Air Pollution: 

Air pollution means getting polluted in the air due to the unnecessary mixing of some elements in the air. When any kind of harmful substances like chemicals, micro-substances or organic matter is found in the environment, air pollution occurs.

When the internal structure gets affected due to dust, smoke, toxic, gas, chemical vapours, scientific experiments in the air, that is, when the excess of heterogeneous substances becomes harmful to humans and their environment, then this condition is called air. It is called pollution.

Important link- Essay on Environment pollution and its impact

Causes of Air Pollution: 

The reason for the increase in air pollution is due to the widespread proliferation of industries, increase in the number of vehicles leaving smoke and exploitation of energy sources for domestic use. The fresh air of the environment is getting contaminated day-to-day due to the discovery of various substances, organic molecules, and many types of harmful materials.

The increasing population of the world has made more use of natural resources. Due to industrialization, big cities are becoming barren. The smoke that comes out of vehicles and factories contains a quantity of sulfur dioxide which is converted into sulfur and later sulfuric acid and remains in the air in the form of droplets.

Some chemical gases reach the atmosphere and react with the ozone system and reduce their quantity, which also increases air pollution. If continuous carbon dioxide, carbon mono-oxide, nitrogen, oxide, hydrocarbon are mixed in the atmosphere in the same way, then air pollution will reach its peak.

The biggest causes of air pollution are textile factories, chemical factories, oil purifier factories, sugar making factories, metallurgical and cardboard making factories, fertilizer and pesticide factories. Carbon dioxide, nitrogen, carbon-mono-oxide, sulfur, lead, beryllium, zinc, cadmium, mercury and dust from these factories reach the atmosphere directly, which increases air pollution.

One reason for air pollution is the increasing population and people coming to the cities. Trees and forests are constantly pruned for the arrangement of accommodation and accommodation of people, due to which there is an increase in air pollution. When public and individual toilets are not properly cleaned, air pollution in a particular area increases greatly.

When the dead skin of an animal is removed and its dead body is put in an open place and due to rotting of its body, the stench spreads in the air causing air pollution. Molecular energy contaminates the atmosphere due to space travel, nuclear technology development or explosion or action for research work.

Indicative Process of Air Pollution: 

In our air, there are many gases like nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide etc. Their quantity in the atmosphere is fixed. With the help of the smoke index, the air passes over a paper tape and we can find out the density with the measurement of electric power.

The method of suspended and floating materials can measure the amount of dust and soot in the atmosphere. With the help of substances in the air, the condition of the air structure can be understood. If there is a change in the balance of their ratio in the number of gases, the atmosphere becomes impure due to which the air becomes polluted.

Problems or Effects of Air Pollution: 

The consequences of air pollution are very fatal because air is directly related to the life system of the earth. People inhale unclean air and become prone to various types of diseases. The condition of cities has taken a more terrible form than that of villages. This type of contaminated air can cause health problems, illness and death.

Pollution has greatly affected the life of plants and animals by continuously destroying the entire ecosystem and has reached its peak. Sulfur dioxide in the air increases the chances of developing asthma. When sulfur dioxide falls on the ground in the form of droplets, it increases the acidity of the land and reduces production efficiency.

The ozone system protects us from the sun’s harmful rays, but when the ozone system is depleted, the chances of skin cancer will increase. China ranks first and India is second in the number of deaths due to air pollution. Air pollution causes the decay of buildings, metals, and monuments.

When there is a lack of oxygen in the air, the animals will have trouble breathing. When the substances released from the factories are absorbed by the trees, the health of the animals will be severely affected. Metropolis has the highest impact on air pollution.

Due to air pollution, humans have to face diseases like respiratory, asthma, bronchitis, headache, lung cancer, cough, eye irritation, throat pain, pneumonia, heart disease, vomiting, colds. Sulfur dioxide is likely to cause a disease called emphysema. Air pollution has the deepest impact on animals and animals. Due to this, the respiratory system and central nervous system of animals are affected.

The solution to Air Pollution: 

Some steps will have to be taken very soon to reduce air pollution. We have to keep the smoke of homes, factories, factories and vehicles within their limits and try to reduce the use of firecrackers. The garbage waste will have to be replaced at a regular place.

All laws have to be strictly followed to prevent air pollution. The number of private vehicles has to be reduced. The proper facilities of the system of public vehicles have to be controlled. The pollution control certificate must be complied with and complied with air law.

For the protection of the environment, private institutions will have to control the binding. Solar, water, gas and electric energy powered vehicles will have to be invented and produced in place of petrol, diesel. The use of lead-free petrol has to be controlled. Misuse of vehicles has to be controlled. The felling of forests has to be encouraged.

Prevention of Air Pollution: 

Air can be protected from contamination by removing contaminants from the air. We can also reduce air pollution through forest protection and plantation. Other energy options should be found in place of firewood. Waste should be disposed of by a suitable method.

Government afforestation should be encouraged. Industrial institutions should be settled away from residential places. Masks or goggles should be used while driving the vehicle. The government should use policies that work at home. Use the bicycle as much as possible so that air pollution does not occur.

One should look after and protect the trees around their homes. Electricity should not be used when there is no need. The cooler or fan should be run at the place where you need it, the fan or cooler should be stopped at other places. Instead of burning dried leaves, they should be used as manure.

Pollution of your vehicle must be checked every three months. Always use leaded petrol. The effect of pollution in the house at the outside is very less, that is why when the pollution becomes more outside, then it should go inside the house.


Air pollution is one of the major environmental problems that need to be addressed as well as the collective efforts of all. Utilitarianism has led to the exploitation of natural resources, due to which the pollution in the atmosphere has increased continuously. To say that the effect of all pollution is harmful but the effect of air pollution is very wide. To protect the environment, we have to plant more and more trees.

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